The Boxster sports car is a two seat convertible first introduced by Porsche for the 1996 model year. The name is in reference to the horizontally opposed “boxer” engine design. The car is upgraded and a new “S” version introduced in 2000 with this first generation in production until the end of 2004. Both variations had a design upgrade and power increase for 2003. The creature comfort changes include a rear glass window replacing the plastic one, a glove box is fitted into the dash, electric hood/trunk release added, and a new sporty steering wheel. Mechanically in ’03 the engine air intake is revised and the exhaust system is reworked as well. The color of the front turn indicators is changed from yellow to clear while the rear cluster is changed from a shade of gray to amber with the side marker lighting now clear for many markets although U.S. bound models retain the yellow ones in ‘03.
The introduction of the second generation “Boxster 987” type is the big news for the 2005 model year. The transmissions offered initially are the Tip Tronic automatic five speed and the five speed standard with a six speed introduced as an option later in production. The new generation of both models is in the showrooms for the 2005 model year. The 2009 models have a few cosmetic body revisions and also get a power boost through mechanical upgrades as well. The third generation “Boxster 981” type is unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show and launched for the 2012 model year.
All the 986 and 987 Boxster’ are equipped with the M96 water cooled mid-mounted flat six engine configured horizontally giving the car very good weight distribution, low center of gravity, and neutral handling. This is the first model produced by Porsche to feature a mid-mount water cooled engine design. The earliest models had a problem with cracking and slipping cylinder liners which was resolved by the 2000 model year.
The original mid- mounted 2.5 Liter flat six engine produces 150 kW (204 PS, 201 hp) of power and bolted to the standard transmission can do 0-100 km/h (0-60mph)in 6.9 seconds and has a top speed of 240 kmh (149 mph) but equipped with the Tip Tronic automatic does the quarter mile in a much slower 7.6 seconds with a slightly lower top speed. The original Boxster is restyled in 2000 and the flat six is replaced by a 2.7 liter engine with a horse power rating of 162 kW (220 PS, 217 hp) and bolted to the standard will do the quarter in 6.6 seconds and will reach 250 km/h (155mph) with the automatic version slightly slower and lower. However 2000 also sees the new “S” version released equipped with a 3.2 liter power plant putting out 185 kW (253 PS, 250 hp) and with the standard does the quarter in 5.9 seconds and can achieve a top speed of 260 km/h (162 mph); comfort and convenience come at a price with the automatic version slightly slower.
The now coveted California Special or Mustang GT/CS arrived at dealers in the middle of February 1968, and Ford assembled the last unit in early August of the same year. The original production order called for 5,000 units, but only 4,118 were actually produced, which included 251 that Ford rebadged as the “High Country Special ’68” and sold in Colorado.
Ford expected strong entries in the pony class for the ’68 model year, with formidable competition coming from the Camaro, Trans Am, Javelin, and the Mercury Cougar, even from Ford’s own Torino. In the continental United States, 20 percent of Mustang and Thunderbird sales, 1965 through ‘67, took place in California, which gave the dealers’ organization a lot of clout back in the head office. These retailers collectively tried a number of special or unique options in an attempt to create a California-exclusive Mustang.
Ford’s Southern California district sales manager at the time was Lee Gray, and he was always looking for a way to increase Ford sales in his area. Gray and the dealerships agreed the California Special presented a possible solution for the dealers’ needs and would also help Ford meet the upcoming competition head on.
The national catchphrase for marketing was “Only Mustang makes it happen.” but for the ’68 model year, it became “California made it happen” for the limited-edition Mustang GT/CS.
In 1969, there was the Mustang GT package, but the California Special GT/CS was a model name; this car may or may not have had the GT package. The GT/CS option included fog lamps, DZUS hood pins, spring-loaded gas cap, side scoops, a rear deck lid-mounted spoiler with end caps, non-sequential Thunderbird taillights, side stripes with GT/CS inscribed, plus the lengthwise double stripe on the rear deck and on the hood. The GT/CS was available in any Mustang color, but the stripes were only in metallic medium blue, red, black, or white.
Any other non-conflicting Mustang package would complete the California Special trim option, including engine and powertrain combinations, but most CS units had a two-barrel carburetor on the 289-cubic-inch (4.74L) engine coupled to the C-4 automatic transmission; the 427/C6 combination wasn’t available for any Mustang in ’68. There were very few units assembled with a 390 and the 428 Cobra Jet engines under the hood, making them extremely rare today..
Lee Gray was already forming a plan to help his dealers when he attended an auto show in August ’67 held at the Los Angeles Coliseum. The pre-release name for the soon-to-be Shelby GT-500 prototype was ‘Little Red” and got its power from a supercharged 428 bolted to the C-6 automatic transmission. This first Shelby-made vehicle was eventually destroyed. The vehicle was testing the waters for the release of an ultimate high-performance machine, but Gray saw many features he wanted to incorporate in his California market special-release vehicle. At a later meeting with Lee Iaccoca, they decided to have Dearborn fine-tune a limited-production Mustang called the GT/SC. But this later changed to GT/CS, with the CS standing for California Special.
The GT/CS was the first prototype Carroll Shelby engineered, but while Little Red was on display, he was at work on a second prototype, the EXP-500, later known as the Green Hornet, which still exists today. It’s anybody’s guess, but the original name for the California Special was GT/SC, which stood for “sport coupe,” but it also could have stood for Carroll Shelby. What did CS really stand for?
The Sunbeam Tiger was partly designed by Carol Shelby working with the Rootes Group and their British Designed Sunbeam Alpine Roadster. The image is a Mark I version made from 1964 through to 1967. Under the hood of the Tiger is an an American Ford designed 260 cu in (4.3 L) V8 coupled to a Ford manufactured 4 speed manual transmission.
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